Activity Theory

Derived factors

Items for eliciting tension responses


Use of the tools

Available application and platform

Access to mobile learning opportunities among disadvantaged children.

Experience of using mobile devices among children


Government policy

Support policy for mobile teaching

Supportive policy for mobile teaching

Shareable resources provided by the authority

Grants provided by the authority

Support of manpower for children with special learning needs

Division for labor

Management of time and effort

Planning effort needed for the activity

Pedagogy concerns

Time and effort for planning mobile teaching.

Difficulty in planning interactions for mobile teaching

Teaching of specific subject areas


Teaching and learning community

Children in remote schools

Underachieving children

Children from low-income families

Mobile teaching community

Interaction within the community

Underachieving children with special needs in learning

Accessibility among disadvantaged (low-income) children