Li, R. et al./2014

Effects of 16 weeks of Qigong Baduanjin to fitness and health

Ba DuanJin Qi gong

GC-55 sedentary subjects; GE-55 trained individuals-(learned Qigong 2 weeks before the start); 34.2 years

16 weeks of Qi gong Ba DuanJin

3x/week 30 to 60 minutes

Total cholesterol (TC); Serum Triglycerides, LDL, HDL,

SDS (depression scale)

Body fat percentage;

Flexibility; BMI and circumferences;

Blood pressure; HRV, Vital capacity, O2 consumption, Max HR, Max Ventilation; sit and reach.

Flexibility improvement (improves coordination, muscle Power, speed and physical skills); improves body mind coordination; no significant difference in the SDS (self rating depression scale), significant decrease in the body fat percentage; no significant variation on blood pressure, HRV, vital capacity, max O2 consumption and max ventilation.

Chang, M-Y/2014

Effects of 12 weeks of qi gong (8 moves) on HRV and perypheral vasomotor response.

8 moves

Dharma Drum’s-Qi gong

Pre and Post test

77 subjects

47-EQG (experimental qi gong) ± 62.98 years

30 CG (control group) ± 65.07 years

12 weeks

30’ qi gong-3x week

HRV-SDNN, low frequency, high frequency and total Power.

PVR (peripheral vasomotor response)

é sdnn

é low frequency

é high frequency

é total power

Chang, C; Tsai, G & Hsieh, C-J/2013

Laughing Qigong effects on psychological, immunological and physiological systems and to make LQP a standard method to simulate laughing interventions.

Laughing Qi Gong Program (LQP) and Facial Scale before and after each session of LQP

Quantitative and qualitative study

Control and experimental groups (CG and EG),

67 teenagers = 34 (EG) (16 male and 18 female) and 33 (CG) (18 male and 15 female)

2 months, 8 sessions of 45 minutes (LQP) and 15 min (data collection) CG (reading or doing homework for 1 hour)

Rosemberg’s scale for self steem (RSE), chinese humor scale (CHS), subscales from CHS (HC humor creativity), (HT humor trend), facial scale (FS);

Blood pressure (BP), Heart rate variability (HRV); Salivar cortisol analysis

EG showed significant improvement in CHS é, specifically for HC é; Humor state improved in the FS; cortisol ê, HRV showed significant difference when compared to CG.

Goshvarpour, A. e Goshvarpour, A./2012

To analyze and compare the contribution of the quadratic phase of HRV during 2 different meditation models.

Chinese Qi gong and Kundalini Yoga

Qi gong Group (5 male and 3 female ± 29 years)

Kundalini Yoga Group (2 male and 2 female ± 33 years)

Qi gong (1 - 3 months of practice before data collection)-1 hour of Qi gong meditation.

Kundalini Yoga (meditation advanced training level)-1 hour of Kundalini meditation

Heart rate signals-Holter monitor-

HOS-higher order spectra

QG-holter 10 hours during DLA, 5 hours of recording from the 1 hour practices.

KY-holter-1:30 hr and 15 min of easy breathing before 1 hour of meditation.

For both the sample rate was 360 Hz.

Different forms of meditation could change specific components of HRV signals and the can have specific health benefits.