Online teaching presence
Use of Internet in learning.
Process of facilitating learning online.
Design, facilitation, direction of cognitive and social processes to realize meaningful learning outcomes through an electronic device.
Process whereby the teacher plans instructions, prepares content and learning takes place through an electronic tool.
Learner develops problem-solving abilities.
Prioritize learning and the learner.
Acquisition of skills, concepts and procedures for developing content.
Improved planning and definition of learning goals.
Social presence in DED learning manual
The extent to which the content meets the needs of the learner.
Self-learning with study manual
Feeling of togetherness when using the study manual.
The extent to which the learner interacts with the learning activities and content.
An individual’s perception of learning based on experience and interactions with the study manual
Increase in research abilities and reading culture.
Served as foundation for building confidence in professional competence and learning experiences.
Improves instructional knowledge.
Cognitive presence in DED learning manual
The extent to which the content meets the cognitive needs of the learner.
Reflections and thinking processes when using the study manual.
Ability to think critically, collaborate in problem solving and construct meaning with the aid of the study manual.
Increase in thinking abilities.
Contribute to building a positive attitude towards learning and the profession.
Teaching presence in DED learning manual
The extent to which the manual meets the learning needs of the learner.
Facilitation of learning when using the manual.
Interactions with the content.
Reinforcement of capacity to teach without difficulties.
Increase scope of knowledge in teaching methods and techniques.
Contributes to self-learning.