Principles of Human Subjects Protection

Principles of Vulnerable Researcher Protection


· Higher priority and more attention

· Existing principles: cognitive vulnerability, juridic vulnerability, deferential vulnerability, allocational vulnerability, and intrastructural vulnerability

· Researchers’ responsibilities to protect human subjects are highlighted and required

· Lower priority and less attention

· No principles specified for IRB

· Institutional accountability to protect the well-being of researchers are not addressed


· Safety protection and ethical commitment for “duty of care”

· Both subjects and researchers face safety challenges when the studies are related to advocating for social justice

· Safety concern is connected with one’s feeling of vulnerability