Legitimacy definition

Positive definition

The process of giving power

Maurer (1971)

Legitimacy is a process that is the process by which an organization gives power to its partner or superior system

Meyer & Rowan (1977)

The legitimacy and the resources side by side, that both are not just as old institutional theory scholars say as the efficiency of its core, and the need to have consistency with the institutional environment

Knoke (1985)

Is an organization has its strategic choice to start the power of action, this power by the public "generally accepted"

Maintain consistency

Weber (1958)

Organizational legitimacy is that organizational activity is consistent with organizational rules and structures.

Parsons (1956, 1960)

Organizational legitimacy is the consistency of organizational values with the values of the organization’s embedded social context

Dowling & Pfeffer (1975)

Social values associated with business activities are consistent with accepted behavior in larger social systems

Meyer & Scott (1983)

Organizational legitimacy is the degree to which an organization receives cultural support

Suchman (1995)

Legitimacy is the enterprise stakeholders to the existing system of laws, rules, norms, values, beliefs as the evaluation criteria for corporate activities appropriate, proper and desirable in general perceived or conceived

Negative definition

Pfeffer & Salancik (1981)

When the act is considered illegal, then it will be attacked!