Side effects

1) I could understand the skills (tracheostomy suctioning) well due to first-person perspective

2) I could understand the process of the skills well

3) I could understand how to move the hands well

4) Viewing the VR-TM was interesting

5) I think that the VR-TM enhances motivation to practice the skills

6) I want to study other nursing skills using the VR-TM

7) I felt as if I was performing the skills

8) I felt immersed in the virtual environment

9) I could concentrate on viewing the VR-TM

10) I no longer want to experience the VR-TM

11) The VR-TM is useless to understand the nursing skills

12) I felt VR sickness (e.g. discomfort, headache or nausea)