Eco-Industrial Park Definitions


“A large tract of land, sub-divided and developed for the use of several firms simultaneously, distinguished by its shareable infrastructure and close proximity of firms.”

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“An eco-industrial park is an industrial system which conserves natural and economic resources; reduces production, material, energy, insurance and treatments costs and liabilities; improves operating efficiency, quality, worker health and public image; and provides opportunities for income generation from use and sale of wasted materials.”

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“An eco-industrial park is a community of manufacturing and service businesses seeking enhanced environmental and economic performance through collaboration in managing environmental and resources issues including energy, water and materials. By working together, the community of businesses seeks a collective benefit that is greater than the sum of the individual benefits each company would have realized if it optimized its individual interests.”

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“A community of businesses that cooperate with each other and with the local community to efficiently share resources (information, materials, water, energy, infrastructure and natural habitat), leading to economic and environmental quality gains, and equitable enhancement of human resources for the business and local community.”


“An industrial system of planned materials and energy exchanges that seek to minimize energy and raw materials use, minimize waste, and build sustainable economic, ecological and social relationships.”


“An eco-industrial park or estate is a community of manufacturing and service businesses located together on a common property… The goal of an EIP is to improve the economic performance of the participating companies while minimizing their environmental impacts. Components of this approach include green design of park infrastructure and plants (new or retrofitted); cleaner production, pollution prevention; energy efficiency; and intercompany partnering. An EIP also seeks benefits for neighboring communities to assure that the net impact of its development is positive.”


“A selective collection of compatible industrial plants located together in one area (complex) to minimize both environmental impact and industrial production costs. These goals are accomplished by utilizing the waste materials of one plant as the raw materials for another with a minimum of transportation, storage and raw material preparation.”

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