Turbulence model | Low-Re-type k-e model (Abe-Kondoh-Nagano model) |

Mesh | 1,913,914 meshes (wall unit y |

Scheme | Convection term: second-order upwind |

Inflow boundary (room model) | Case 1: U Case 2: U C |

Outflow boundary (room model) | U C |

Inflow boundary (VHP generator) | U C |

Outflow boundary (VHP generator) | U C |

Wall treatment | Velocity, no-slip VHP, deposition flux model in Equation (6) |

VHP | Passive scalar (turbulent Schmidt number σ |