Focus and




Main Indicators



Aggregation and Scale

Frondel et al. (2007) Trends in Supply and Demand for Mineral Raw Materials

Assessing long-term supply and demand,


Development of supply/and demand

VU: -/SR: Trend of mine production/Secondary Production development/Demand trend/Technology development forecast

No aggregation and weighting

Scenario analysis of supply and demand developments, implications

Morley and Eatherley (2008) Material Security: Ensuring Resource Availability for the UK Economy

Identifying insecure materials, economy

Material risk/Supply risk

VU: Global consumption/Substitutability/Global warming potential/Production effort SR: Ratio of reserves/Supply concenration/Political stability

Indicators equally weighted and aggregated

Criticality index/Ordinal Scale

NRC (2008) Minerals, Critical Minerals, and the USA Economy


critical minerals, USA economy

Importance in use/Availabilty

VU: Share of USA consumption/Substitutability/SR: Import depence/Secondary production ratio/Ratio of reserves (& reserve base) to production

Individual aggregation algorithm, unequally weighted

Criticality matrix/Ordinal scale

Pfleger et al. (2009) Rohstoffsituation Bayern: Keine Zukunft ohne Rohstoffe

Identifying of vulnerabilities and materials supply risk

Quantitative indicators/

Qualitative indicators

VU: Techology relevance/Strategic relevance/Substitutabilty SR: Static reserves/Coutry risk/Country & Company concentration/Price risk

Indicators unequally weighted

Criticality index/Ordinal scale

Rosenau-Tornow et al. (2009) Assessing the Long-Term Supply Risks for Mineral Raw Materials

Indentifying and assessing future supply risks for raw materials, company

-/Supply risk

VU: -/SR Production/stocks/consumption)/Production costs/Country stability/Concentration of producers/Future market trends

Individual calculation of indicators, equally weighted

Risk profil using a spider web diagramm, Nominal scale

DOE (2010) Critical Materials Strategy

Clean energy technologies, US energy sector

Impact of supply disruption to clean energy/ Supply risk

VU: Substitutability/SR: Availability/Secondary production/Demand/Market/Concentration of producers

Indicators unequally weighted

Criticality matrix/Ordinal scale

Duclos et al. (2010) Design in an Era of Constrained Resources

Identifying the materials at risk of supply constraints or price increases, company

Impact on company/Supply and price risk

VU: Share of world supply/Substitutability/Ability to pass through price increases SR: Abundance/Future Demand/Historic price volatility/Supply Concentration

Indicators equally weighted

Criticality matrix/Ordinal scale

EU (2010) Critical Raw Materials for the EU

Indentifying critical raw materials, EU economy

Economic importance/ Supply risk/Environmental risk

VU: Share value of end use/SR: Supply concentration

and stability/Substitutability/Secondary production ER:

Environmental performance

Individual calculation of indicators, equally weighted

Criticality matrix/Ordinal scale

Behrendt et al. (2011) Kritische Rohstoffe für Deutschland

Identifying of important economic materials and future supply risks, economy

Impact on German economy/Supply risk

VU: Quantity and strategic relevance/Substitutability/SR:Country risk/Market risk/Structure risk

Indicators unequally weighted

Criticality matrix/Ordinal scale

Graedel et al. (2012) Methodology of Criticality Determination

Quantifying degree of criticality of the metals of the periodic table,


Vulnerability to supply disruption/Supply risk/Environmental implications

VU: Perspective depending impact/Strategic relevance/Substitutability/Innovation/SR: Depletion time/Policy Potential/HDI/Political Stability/Supply concentration ER: Damage potential

Individual and flexible aggregation, unequally weighted

3-dimensional criticality matrix and criticality index/Ordinal scale