File Type



It informs load flow simulator the branches needed to be monitored when N-1 contingency happens. It also monitors and records the bus voltages within specific ranges or outside the range.


It tells load flow analysis to consider and perform at specific zone. It includes all involved power network elements in the case study.


It is used to trip line or power elements to create contingency scenarios. Three types of contingencies: N-0 (system intact), N-1 (single power element outage) and N-2 (two power elements outage). In this case, N-1 is chosen.