There are three features for the activities used in this approach: 1) students should pay attention to the question’s meaning; (2) students have to answer the questions according to their authentic situation; and 2) Students’ answers are unknown to the other person and there are no wrong or right answers. An example of this kind of activity is as follows:

Question: Did you go shopping yesterday?

Answer: Yes, I did./No, I didn’t

While “Yes” or “No” answer is expected, we do not know what students will respond as they answer the question based on the real situation.

Benati, A. G., & Lee, J. F. (2008). Grammar Acquisition and Processing Instruction: Secondary and Cumulative Effects (p. 100). Bristol; Buffalo: Multilingual Matters.

Lee, J. F. and Van Patten, B. (2003). Making Communicative Language Teaching Happen (p. 123). Boston: McGraw-Hill.