Activity 3

Read the story on pages 26 - 27. Complete the story web.

Who was in the story?

Where did the story take place?

When did the story take place?

What did Mr Ant and Mr Grasshopper do in the summer?

What happened to Mr Grasshopper in the winter?

(Anderson, A. and Gray, J. (2010). English to Enjoy: Book 3B (p. 30). Hong Kong: Educational Publishing House Ltd.)

In this activity, students read a story first. Based on the story, they should answer the questions using simple past tense.

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Activity 4

Step 1

Listen to the following statements made by a journalist about the life of the footballer David Beckham and decide whether each statement is referring to his past life as a Manchester United player or his life now as Real Madrid player in Spain.

Past Present [sentences heard by learners]

(1) □ □ David Beckham receives a lot of money from advertising.

(2) □ □ David Beckham donated money to charities.

(3) □ □ David Beckham reserved more time for his family.

Step 2

Now read the sentences you have just listened to and decide if David Beckham was more famous when he was a Manchester United player or a Real Madrid player.

(Benati, A. G. and Lee, J. F. (2008). Grammar Acquisition and Processing Instruction: Secondary and Cumulative Effects (p. 176). Bristol; Buffalo: Multilingual Matters.)

In this activity, students are asked to listen to ten sentences which describe the present or past activities and decide whether the sentences describe David Beckham’s past life or his life now. Then, students read the sentences they have just listened to once again and express their opinion about whether David Beckham was more famous when he was a Manchester United player or a Real Madrid player. It should be noted that the adverbial phrases (e.g. “yesterday”, “last night”) are absent from the sentences so that students do not rely on these adverbial phrases but verb endings to decide whether the activity takes place now or occurred in the past.

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Activity 5

In pairs, talk about what you did last week.

S1: What did you do last week?

S2: I …

What about you?

S1: I …

(Arnold, W. (2005). Magic: Book 3B (p. 31). Hong Kong: Oxford University Press (China) Ltd.)

In this activity, two participants should exchange authentic information (e.g. “visited my grandma” and “went shopping with my family”).

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Activity 6

In pairs or individually, according to student choice, summarize the story of the animated movie “Oliver Twist” orally in about 50 words.

(Anne Ma, A., Chow, A., Lee, I. et al. (Eds.). (2008). A Practical Guide to a Task-Based Curriculum: Planning, Grammar Teaching and Assessment (p. 92). Hong Kong: City University of Hong Kong Press.)

Students have to first summarize the ideas, take notes in pairs or individually and tell their classmates the story.

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