Li, Land, Chattopadhyay, Land, and Ray (2008) [3]

To presents the development of E-Health Readiness Assessment Framework (EHRAF) as a result of integrating components of previously published frameworks

6 main papers


E-health readiness has four main constructs: core readiness (i.e. realization of problems, and providers satisfaction), engagement readiness (i.e. potential negative impacts, willingness to accept training, and recognition of benefits), technological readiness (i.e. Hardware, software, network, IT support, providers past IT experiences), and societal readiness (i.e. internal communications among healthcare providers, communication links with other institutions).


Jennett, Gagnon, and Brandstadt (2005) [20]

To review published studies that addresses readiness for e-health

4 Main papers/ frameworks

Literature Review

Four readiness models resulted from the search process. They varied across settings, such as rural outpatient practices, hospice programs, rural communities, as well as government agencies, national associations, and organizations. Common themes across models included: an appreciation of practice context, strong leadership, and a perceived need to improve practice.


Wickramasinghe, Fadlalla, Geisler, and Schaffer (2005) [21]

To develops a framework to assess readiness for e-health at the national level

Not applicable


The e-health readiness framework consists of four main pre-requisites (technology architecture, standardization policies and protocols, user accessibility, and governmental policies), four main impacts (IT education, economic standing, morbidity, and culture), and the implications of these pre-requisites and impacts to the goals of e-health.


Khoja, Scott, Casebeer, Mohsin, Ishaq, and Gilani (2007) [22]

To present and discuss published tools to measure readiness for e-health in developing countries

Two main papers

Literature Review

Two main tools were presented: one targeting healthcare managers and the second one targeting healthcare providers.

Both tools were developed using participatory

action research, reviewing existing tools and reviewing literature examine determinants of e-health readiness.


Al-Rawajfah and Tubaishat (2017) [24]

To explore the views of nurses in Jordan regarding the barriers and facilitators for e-health implementation



The facilitating factors for e-health in Jordan as perceived by nurses were: incentives to buy e-health systems, the availability of technical support, and additional incentives to use the e-health systems.

The barriers were: the cost of buying e-health solutions, lack of information technology staff, and disruption to clinical workflows.


Ghazisaeidi, Ahmadi, Sadoughi, and Safdari (2014) [11]

To develop e-health readiness assessment model for public and educational hospitals in Iran



E-health readiness assessment model was developed that consists of five dimensions: cultural, leadership and management, technical infrastructure, governance, and operational.