Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III)

Millon, Millon, Davis & Grossman (2006)


14 Personality Disorder Scales; 11 Moderate Personality Disorder Scales; 3 Severe personality Pathology Scales; 10 Clinical Syndrome Scales; 7 Moderate Syndrome Scales; 3 Severe Syndrome Scales Corrections Scales; 3 Modifying Indices; 2 Random Response Indicators; 42 Grossman Personality Facet Scales

Examining the temporal stability of the personality disorder subscales from the MCMI: Psychiatric inpatients completed the MCMI at initial admission and at the next admission (within 2 years). The scales demonstrated adequate stability.

High retest correlations for the MCMI clinical syndrome subscales—Overholser (1990).

Retzlaff (1996) found

the MCMI-III’s predictive power to range between .00 to .32, however Millon et al. (1997) found the diagnostic validity to range between .33 - .93, with an average coefficient of .64.

Personality Beliefs Questionnaire (PBQ)

Beck & Beck, 1991.


10 Personality disorders:

1) Avoidant

2) Dependent

3) Obsessive- Compulsive

4) Histrionic

5) Passive-Aggressive

6) Narcissistic

7) Paranoid

8) Schizoid

9) Antisocial

10) Borderline

PBQ administered to students, showing good internal consistency across scales; Cronbach’s alphas ranged

from .77 to .93. Test-retest correlation coefficients over a

month interval were high, ranging from .63 (passive-aggressive) to .82 (paranoid; Trull, et al.,1993).

Modest correlations

were obtained between the PBQQ and measures of PDs such as the PDQ-R (Hyler et al., 1992), and the Minnesota Muliphasic Personality Inventory (Morey et al., 1985). These results question the criterion validity of the PBQ for nonclinical PD traits (Trull, et al., 1993).

The PBQ-Short Form (PBQ-SF)

Butler, Beck, & Cohen, 2007


All DSM-IV Personality Disorders

Internal consistency coefficients range between .81 - .92.

Test-retest correlations range from .57 - .82 (Butler et al., 2007).

Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory (MMPI) for DSM-III

Morey, Waugh, & Blashfield (1985)

1) Histrionic

2) Narcissistic

3) Borderline

4) Antisocial

5) Depressed

6) Obsessive- Compulsive

7) Passive-Aggressive

8) Paranoid

9) Schizotypy

10) Avoidant

11) Schizoid

The complete version of these scales yielded internal consistency estimates superior to those obtained in examining the original clinical scales from the MMPI (from previous versions of the DSM). Hence, it appears that the derived scales are reliable as defined by internal consistency— Morey, Waugh, & Blashfield, 1985.

This study found that 5 of the 11 MMPI-PD scales correlated positively and significantly with the corresponding MCMI-PD scales, which gives limited support for the concurrent validity of the MMPI-PD scales when the

MCMI-PD scales were used as the criterion measures. The Schizoid, Avoidant, Dependent, Histrionic, and Narcissistic scales achieved significant correlation.

Overall, the study supports the limited validity and diagnostic utility of the MMPI-PD scales— Schuler, Snibbe, & Buckwalter, 1994.