Murrays Narcisism Scale

Murray, 1938


Cheek and Melchior (1985) found the alpha reliability

of this scale to be .76.

The Hypersensitive Narcissism Scale (HSNS).

Hendin, & Cheek (1997)


Cronbach’s alpha for the HSNS was .82—Arble, 2008.

The reported reliability of the HSNS was Covert Narcissism good, with alpha coefficients ranging from .72 to .76. Furthermore, the HSNS, the

Narcissism-Hypersensitivity Scale, and the NPDS demonstrated significant positive correlations with each other (r = .50) and negative correlations (r = −.18) with the NPI (Raskin & Hall, 1979).

The HSNS was found to have a strong negative correlation with the RSES, a measure of self-esteem. Conversely, the HSNS was found to have a strong positive correlation with the measure of social inhibition FNE, a measure of shame (PFQ2), and a measure of masochism (SDPS).The HSNS also produced a moderate positive correlation with the Social Incompetence scale and a slight positive correlation with the Egocentricity scale. Thus, elevations on HSNS seemed indicative of a wide range of object related distur bances—Arble, 2008.

Pathological Narcissism Inventory (PNI)

Pincus, Ansell, Pimentel, Cain, Wright, & Levy (2009)


1) Entitlement Rage

2) Exploitativeness

3) Grandiose Fantasy

4) Self-sacrificing self-enhancement

5) Contingent self-esteem

6) Hiding the self

7) Devaluing


Comparing correlational patterns for the PNI and NPI, we conclude preliminary evidence exists to support the construct validity of the PNI as a measure of pathological narcissism.

Results for the PNI provide additional evidence for its construct validity. Several PNI scales assess grandiose characteristics reflecting, in part, a range of vindictive, domineering, intrusive, and overly-nurturant interpersonal problems. Several PNI scales assess vulnerable characteristics reflecting, in part, cold, avoidant, and exploitable interpersonal problems. We conclude that the associations between the PNI and IIP-C contribute evidence in support of the PNI’s construct validity— Pincus et al., 2009.


Antisocial Personality


Blackburn & Fawcett (1999).


1) Self-Control,

2) Self-Esteem,

3) Avoidance,

4) Paranoid Suspicion,

5) Resentment,

6) Aggression,

7) Deviance,


Coefficient alpha ranges from .77 to .87 for the total sample, from .79 to .88 for patients, and from

.75 to .84 for normals, suggesting satisfactory internal consistencies for all scales—Blackburn & Fawcett, 1999.

The APQ scales clearly differentiate the mentally disordered offender and normal groups, but also discriminate within the offender sample. AMANOVA reveals a highly significant overall difference between the MI, PD and normal groups (Rao’s R (16, 712) = 15.45, p < .0001), and univariate ANOVAs indicate significant effects for all scales (Blackburn & Fawcett, 1999).

Psychopathy Checklist (PCL)

Hare (1980)