Major Components | Sub-Components | Hypothesized functional relationship between indicator and vulnerability |

Soil and water | Inverse of average hectare of land under SWC | A Large hectare of land under SWC and irrigation reduce vulnerability, but here an inverse is considered. |

Inverse of average hectare of land under Irrigation | ||

Percentage of households reporting land degradation by climate-related extremes during the past 20 years | A Higher percentage of households reporting land degradation increase vulnerability. | |

Agriculture | Inverse of Kilograms of total production harvested | Increased quantity of total production harvested reduces vulnerability but here an inverse is considered. |

Inverse of Percent of crop diversity | Higher crop diversity reduces vulnerability but here an inverse is considered. | |

Percent of household who do not save seeds | Higher the proportion of Households who do not save seeds, higher is the vulnerability | |

Food | Percent of household who do not save crops | Higher proportion of households who do not save crops, higher is the vulnerability |

Average number of months households trouble getting enough food (range: 0 - 12) | Higher food insecurity results in a higher vulnerability. | |

Asset | Inverse of Number of livestock owned in TLU | Higher livestock ownership and landholding size reduce vulnerability, but here an inverse is considered |

Inverse of average Ha of land holding | ||

Percent of households who do not have access to credit | A Higher proportion of households who do not have access to credit increased vulnerability. | |

Livelihood strategies | Inverse of Percent of households worked in non-farm activity | A Higher percentage of households who worked in non-farm and off-farm activity reduce vulnerability, but here an inverse is considered. |

Inverse of Percent of households worked in off-farm activities | ||

Percentage of households solely dependent on agriculture as source of income | A Higher percentage of households solely dependent on agriculture as a source of income increase vulnerability. | |

Innovation | Inverse of Percent of HH used insecticide and pesticide | A Higher percentage of households used insecticide and pesticide, fertilizer, improved seeds, and practiced irrigation reduce vulnerability, but here an inverse is considered. |

Inverse of Percent of HH used fertilizer | ||

Inverse of Percent of HH used improved seeds | ||

Inverse of Percent of HH practiced irrigation | ||

Infrastructure | Walking distance in hours to main road | Longer the distance, the higher is the vulnerability. |

Walking distance to school | ||

Walking distance to veterinary service | ||

Walking distance to market | ||

Walking distance to water sources | ||

Walking distance to health center | ||

Inverse of Percent of HH who owned mobile phone | A Higher percentage of households who used mobile phone reduce vulnerability but here an inverse is considered. |