Authors & Year




Broughton et al. 2011, Australia [12]

Estimate the effectiveness of RECAPS and MESSAGE training on knowledge of nursing home staff in dementia and evaluate their opinions

-Comparison of the training and control groups revealed a significant increase in knowledge for the training -Only the qualified nurses showed higher levels of caregiver satisfaction at 3-month follow-up -Staff rated the training positively both for usefulness and applicability


Use of controlled pre and post trial reduced bias, i.e. sample selection


Use of support strategies, knowledge that was not validated.

Fessey 2007, UK [27]

Explore nurses’ knowledge, understanding, and implications while caring for patients with dementia in general hospital wards

-Nurses have some knowledge and ability in delivering person-centered care

-Lack of consistency in the choices of approach


Qualitative data collection enhanced accurate reporting (Included comments)


Findings can only be generalised to such hospital settings.

Robinsone et al. 2014, (Vic, Tas, & WA), Australia [28]

Assess dementia knowledge among healthcare workers and family carers

-Significant high score of DKAT2 for nurses and healthcare workers than family members

-Significant correlation between high score and year of experience for nurses and healthcare workers


Used reliable and validated tools (DKAT2)


Non-experimental design reduces accuracy of results.

Gandesha et al. 2012, England and Wales [29]

Observe and assess the sufficiency of dementia training program among healthcare workers, and assess nurses’ adequacy of their training among different hospital wards in particular

-65% Doctors sufficiency rate overall mean for the 13 items, as higher than qualified nurses at 51%, or HCAs at 46%

-Nurses rated the adequacy of their training as particularly weak in the field of mental health


Experimental study encouraged more accurate results


The study was open to respondent attrition.