Description of the study towns

Informal settlements profile

Mid-year population (est.) UBOS (2015)

Est. slum population 2012


Arua town is located in northwest Uganda about 19 kilometres east of the border shared with the Democratic Republic of Congo (Act Together, 2010) .

Informal settlements occupy 452 acres of land and the majority of the settlers are tenants.


56,247 (Act Together, 2010)


Jinja lies in south eastern Uganda, approximately 54 miles (87 km), by road, east of Kampala, the capital. The city is located on the shores of Lake Victoria, near the source of the Nile River (National Slum Federation of Uganda, 2010).

There are 8 settlements that can easily be categorized as informal settlements. These include: Loco, Ripon Market, Masese 1, Mpumudde Market Zone A, Soweto, Walukuba-Zabe, Walukuba-Babu Patel and Kimaka


20,800 (National Slum Federation of Uganda, 2010)


Kampala is both the administrative and commercial capital city of Uganda situated on about 24 low hills that are surrounded by wetland valleys (UN-Habitat, 2007) .

There are 62 slum settlements in the city (KCCA, 2012 and UN-Habitat, 2007 ) with an estimated population standing at 55% - 65% of the total city population (KCCA, 2012) and housing 560,000 families (Dobson, Lutwama, & Mugisha, 2014)


49% - 64% of the total population (560,000 families) (KCCA, 2015)


The municipality found in western Uganda had a total population of 69,363 and 94,393 by 2002 and 2009 respectively.

Informal settlements are expanding fast in Mbarara Municipality due to shortage of affordable housing in the face of the ever increasing population (UN-Habitat, 2012) .


Over 50% of the total population (UN-Habitat, 2012)