Cluster of Competencies

Main driving factor

Cognitive competencies

· Cognitive processes and strategies: Critical thinking, problem solving, analysis, reasoning/argumentation, interpretation, decision-making, adaptive learning, executive function

Ability factor: fluid intelligence

· Knowledge: Information literacy (research using evidence and recognizing bias in sources), information and communications technology literacy, oral and written communication, and active listening

Ability factor: crystallized intelligence

· Creativity: Creativity and innovation

Ability factor: general retrieval ability

Intrapersonal competencies

· Intellectual openness: Flexibility, adaptability, artistic and cultural appreciation, personal and social responsibility (including cultural awareness and competence), appreciation for diversity, adaptability, continuous learning, intellectual interest and curiosity

Personality factor: openness

· Work ethic/conscientiousness: Initiative, self-direction, responsibility, perseverance, productivity, grit, Type 1 self-regulation (metacognitive skills, including forethought, performance, and self-reflection), professionalism/ethics, integrity, citizenship, career orientation

Personality factor: conscientiousness

· Positive core self-evaluation: Type 2 self-regulation (self-monitoring, self-evaluation, self-reinforcement), physical and psychological health

Personality factor: emotional stability

Interpersonal competencies

· Teamwork and collaboration: Communication, collaboration, teamwork, cooperation, coordination, interpersonal skills, empathy/perspective taking, trust, service orientation, conflict resolution, negotiation

Personality factor: agreeableness

· Leadership, responsibility, assertive communication, self-presentation, social influence with others

Personality factor: extraversion