Items | F1 | F2 | F3 | F4 | M | SD |

Factor 1 Mastery Goal (Time 1, ω = 0.90; Time 2, ω = 0.90) | ||||||

10) When I learn new materials in math class, I’m motivated a lot. | 0.91 | −0.03 | 0.10 | −0.02 | 2.85 | 0.97 |

11) Math is interesting for me because I find various ways to solve math problems. | 0.86 | −0.06 | −0.01 | −0.06 | 2.76 | 1.03 |

13) I want to learn new matters in math class. | 0.76 | 0.01 | −0.03 | 0.04 | 2.84 | 1.03 |

18) I can try various things when I learn math. | 0.72 | 0.01 | −0.07 | 0.00 | 2.67 | 0.97 |

6) When I study math, I sometimes find rules and structures in what I see casually in the usual ways. | 0.64 | 0.15 | 0.13 | −0.03 | 2.75 | 0.98 |

8) I’m often interested in figures in math textbooks. | 0.64 | 0.05 | 0.10 | 0.03 | 2.66 | 1.02 |

4) Math class is fun for me. | 0.58 | −0.07 | −0.26 | 0.04 | 2.80 | 1.03 |

Factor 2 Task Value (Time 1, ω = 0.75; Time 2, ω = 0.72） | ||||||

15) I wonder if learning math may not well of practical use.* | 0.08 | −0.73 | 0.09 | 0.02 | 2.01 | 1.01 |

5) I think even if I learn mathematics, it may not be useful.* | 0.00 | −0.73 | 0.06 | 0.01 | 1.60 | 0.81 |

9) Math is helpful for my job in future. | 0.23 | 0.60 | 0.15 | 0.08 | 3.20 | 0.94 |

Factor 3 Mathematics Anxiety (Time 1, ω = 0.61; Time 2, ω = 0.59） | ||||||

17) I don’t like math because I have to consider a lot in math class. | −0.16 | 0.00 | 0.72 | −0.02 | 2.15 | 1.00 |

12) I’m not good at memorizing math formulas and calculation rules. | 0.06 | 0.03 | 0.58 | −0.09 | 2.52 | 1.10 |

20) When I calculate lengths and sizes, it is difficult for me to blow up real image. | 0.11 | −0.06 | 0.44 | 0.04 | 2.40 | 1.00 |

Factor 4 Performance Goal (Time 1, ω = 0.58; Time 2, ω = 0.60） | ||||||

14) I like to succeed in math exams. | −0.06 | 0.13 | −0.04 | 0.74 | 3.62 | 0.70 |

7) I would like to be better than other students in math exams. | 0.08 | −0.05 | −0.09 | 0.63 | 2.87 | 1.10 |

3) I learn math, because I hope to avoid getting bad grades. | −0.03 | −0.18 | 0.26 | 0.42 | 2.44 | 1.05 |

Internal correlation | ||||||

F1 | 0.49 | −0.45 | 0.15 | |||

F2 | −0.30 | 0.01 | ||||

F3 | 0.03 |