Active labour policies




Encourage employment and discourage unemployment or underemployment

Tax receivables―Employment subsidies―Time limits on receiving incentives―Reduction of benefits―Contingent benefits programs―Sanctions

Employment services

Remove obstacles to employment and facilitate first entry and/or return to the labour market

Job brokerage and placement services―Counselling―Job search programs―Recruitment services for businesses


Keeping people who lose their jobs employable―Minimizing the depletion of human capital due to unemployment

Direct job creation in the public and non-profit sectors―Training programs not strictly related to the job that has been lost

Human capital

Improve the chance of finding work by increasing the skills of those who lose their job

Basic education (university, language studies, computer science, etc.)―Vocational training (apprenticeship, continuing education, work-study programs, etc.)