Census location Year Season census done Chi-square goodness of fit value Conclusion Wet season Dry season Amboseli 2010 10 21 Χ2 = 3.90, df = 1, p = 0.048 For 2010, dry season number was higher than wet season number. 2013 112 35 Χ2 = 40.33, df = 1, p < 0.001 For 2013, wet season number was higher than the wet season number. Chi-square value Χ2 = 85.28, df = 1, p < 0.001 Χ2 = 3.50, df = 1, p = 0.06 For the set of wet season, 2013 numbers were higher than 2010 [i.e. Lesser kudu numbers were increasing with time]. However, the lesser kudu numbers were similar for the set of dry season numbers, although had increased insignificantly with time. Magadi 2010 No animals seen No animals seen − For 2010, no lesser kudu were seen in Magadi in 2010 2013 25 37 Χ2 = 2.32, df = 1, p = 0.13 For 2013, dry season number and wet season numbers were similar, even though dry season numbers were insignificantly higher. Chi-square value Animals only seen in wet season 2013 Animals only seen in dry season 2013 Animals only seen in 2013 and not anytime in 2010. West Kilimanjaro 2010 4 4 Χ2 = 0.000, df = 1, p = 1.00 For 2010, wet season and dry season lesser kudu numbers seen were exactly the same. 2013 60 21 Χ2 =18.78, df = 1, p < 0.001 For 2013, wet season number was higher than dry season number Chi-square value Χ2 = 49.00, df = 1, p < 0.001 Χ2 = 11.56, df = 1, p < 0.001 For the set of wet season, and dry season, Lesser kudu number in 2013 was higher than for 2010 [i.e. Lesser kudu number was increasing with time in both seasons]. Natron 2010 6 2 Χ2 = 2.00, df = 1, p = 0.16 For 2010, wet season and dry season numbers were similar, with insignificantly more numbers in the wet season. 2013 14 14 Χ2 = 0.000, df = 1, p = 1.00 For 2013, wet season and dry season lesser kudu numbers seen were exactly the same Chi-square value Χ2 =3.2, df = 1, p = 0.074 Χ2 =9.00, df = 1, p= 0.003 For the set of wet season, lesser kudu numbers were similar, with a non-significant increase over time. However, for the set of dry season, lesser kudu number in 2013 was higher than for 2010 [i.e. Lesser kudu number was increasing with time in the dry season].