6) González- Ramírez, et al. (2017b). Clínica y Salud

Effectiveness of different clinical models for the depression treatment

30 patients with depression

Culiacan Sinaloa


To select depression patients applying MINI to 300 individuals

Pre-post research design; two experimental groups and one control group.

Each session videotaped

Validated test as pre-test and post-test

International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)

One experimental group intervened with hypnosis and the other with a combination of Gestalt-Hypnosis Therapy and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. In the control group the passive listening technique was used Six sessions with each participant.

7) Holzinger, Klosch, & Saletu (2015). Acta Neurol Scand

Effectiveness of Gestalt techniques

To evaluate the efficiency of lucid dreaming in the treatment of recurring nightmares, particularly when applied as an add-on therapy to GT

32 of 40 patients suffering from nightmares

Recruitment through advertisements in public media.

Pre-post research design. Random assignment of participants to two groups

All sessions videotaped.

Validated test and Structured clinical interview for screening. Questionnaire each morning for dream, nightmare, and lucid dream frequency; asleep/dream diary

At the end of treatment subjective assessment of group therapy

The sessions were once a week for 90 min, for nine weeks. In one group only GT over nine weeks. In other group, GT and lucid dreaming.

Share the dreams in group

Lucid dreaming (being aware of the dream state while dreaming and realization that there is no danger).

Lucid dreaming training consists of 
dream and nightmare education, change of cognitive attitudes, talking about dream content, and so on

8) Kelly & Howie (2011)

International Journal of Mental Health Nursing

Effectiveness of GT

To explore the influence of GT training on the professional practice of psychiatric nurses.

4 registered psychiatric nurses trained in Gestalt therapy.

Victoria, Australia.

Semistructural individual narrative interviews. Narrative inquiry

9) Leung & Khor (2017) Journal of Evidence- Informed Social Work

Effectiveness of GT intervention groups for anxious parents1

156 of 637 parents completed the post-group test

11 primary schools.

Recruitment via school talks and school notices

Pre- and post-test research design with control group

Experienced social workers were involved as group facilitators and for data collection

Post-test of groups within 1 month

Validate test for screening and post assessment

Four 2-hour weekly sessions.

GT for enhancing awareness of personal needs and promoting self-kindness and mindfulness.

Content of the intervention group included mindful breathing, sensory activities, using sand trays, and two-chair work

10) Saadati & Lashani (2013)

Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences

Effectiveness of GT

Purpose is appointment of GT on self-efficacy

34 divorced women– members of Department of Social Welfare

Pre-post research design Random sampling and randomly put into experimental and control groups.

two groups = one experimental and one control

Self-efficacy scale.

General self-efficacy scale

12-session GT on the experimental group.

Every session was 90 minutes.

11) Stevens, Stringfellow, Wakelin & Waring, (2011). British Gestalt Journal

Effectiveness of GT

comparing it to other clinical models

Of 249 clients, complete data for 180

Anxiety, depression, poor self-esteem


Project regarding the effectiveness of GT work using CORE

Pre- and post-research design treatment

Questionnaire at the beginning and end of therapy on how they have felt over the past week

Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation


GT, Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Person-Centred Therapy, Psychodynamic Therapy