Symbol | Variable definition | Value |

| Radius of the playback sound from call-back stations. | 4.3 km |

π | Mathematical pie for calculating the area of circle | 3.142 |

$\underset{\_}{A}$ | Effective sampled area | 58 km |

| Sum of the effective area sampled (54 stations* π | 3137.2 km |

_{,p} | is the response probability of a lion group responding without cubs. | 0.734 |

_{,p} | is the response probability of a lion group responding with cubs. | 0.286 |

_{,i} | is the response probability of a lion in a responding group of a lion without cubs. | 0.902 |

_{,i} | is the response probability of a lion in a responding group of a lion with cubs. | 0.957 |