Bioconversion of different lignocellulosic biomass into industrial products


Wheat bran

Total cellulase (8.03 FPU/gds), endoglucanase (27.49 IU/gds), xylanase (2,165.44 IU/gds) by Trichoderma harzianum PPDDN10 using wheat bran under SSF


Xylanase (727.78 IU/ml), endoglucanase (0.92 IU/ml), laccase (0.64 IU/ml) produced by Coprinellus disseminates SH-1 using wheat bran under SSF


Xylanase (698.75 IU/ml), cellulase (1.01 IU/ml) and laccase (25.6 ± 3.2 IU/ml) by Coprinus cinereus AT-1 MTCC 9695 using wheat bran as substrate under SSF


Maximum laccase activity (416.4 U/ml) obtained by submerged fermentation of wheat bran by Cerrena unicolor C-139


Amylase (327 IU/ml) produced by Aspergillus fumigatus NTCC1222 using wheat bran as substrate


Lipase activity (9.14 IU/g of dry substrate) obtained by Aspergillus niger under SSF using wheat bran as substrate


Lactic acid yield of 0.73 g/g substrate achieved by fermentation by Lactobacillus pentosus using wheat bran as substrate


Fumaric acid 20.2 g/l was achieved by fermentation by Rhizopus oryzae using wheat bran hydrolysate as substrate


The maximum hydrogen yield of 128.2 ml/g total volatile solid from pre-treated wheat bran by mixed anaerobic cultures


Wheat straw

Yields of endoglucanase, cellobiohydrolase, β-glucosidase, xylanase and β-xylosidase were found 1709, 4, 79, 5.5, 4490 and 45 U per g of dry wheat straw by Thermoascus aurantiacus under SSF


Pretreated wheat straw hydrolyzed and fermented into acetone-butanol-ethanol (0.31 g∙L−1∙h−1) by Clostridium beijerinckii P260.


Specific methane and biogas production yield of 165.9 L/kg VS and 353.2 L/kg VS respectively was obtained by the NaOH pretreated wheat straw


Rice straw

Maximum endoglucanase, Fpase, β-glucosidase, cellobiohydrolase and xylanase produced 240.2, 9.73, 470, 15 and 2800 (units/g of substrate) of activities by Aspergillus fumigatus fresenius by using rice straw as substrate


Ethanol yield (0.48 g/g) and xylitol concentration of 0.89 g/l were obtained from rice straw hydrolyzate Candida tropicalis ATCC13803


Alkali-pretreated rice straw decomposed up to 68.21% by cellulase from Trichoderma reesei ZM4-F3


Enzymatic hydrolysis of organosolv pretreated rice straw resulted in glucose yield of 46.2%, which was fermented to 80.3 g butanol, 21.1 g acetone, and 22.5 g ethanol by Clostridium acetobutylicum.


Maximum methane yield of 225.3 mL/g VS achieved by anaerobic digestion of Ca(OH)2 treated rice straw


Methane yields of (0.33 - 0.35) m3/kg-VS loaded observed by anaerobic digestion of rice straw


Rice bran

Highest FPase, avicelase and CMCase activities found 11.68, 99.75 and 94.21 U/g dry weight of substrate respectively byTrichoderma reesei QM9414 under SSF using rice bran as substrate


Enzymatic hydrolysate of de-oiled rice bran treated with XAD-4 resin, having 30 g/l of sugars produced acetone, butanol, and ethanol 3.18, 7.72 and 1.23 g/l respectively by fermentation throughClostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicumN1-4.