Jackman, Hout, Lane, & Fitzpatrick


Qualitative study

Aim: To explore the conditions


(a) facilitate,

(b) inhibit and

(c) disrupt the occurrence of flow in flat horse racing

Semi-structured interviews.

4 distinct sections:

(a) background and career history

(b) flow

(c) flow inhibition and

(d) flow disruption

10 Irish professional male Flat jockeys

Mage = 27.4 years, SD = 7.14; M career length = 9.16 years, SD = 5.9; M number of race wins = 31.94, SD = 15.99 (2012 season)

12 conditions found to capture the essence of the flow experience: environmental and situational conditions, experience interaction with trainer/owner, physical readiness, effective preparation, performance assessment confidence, optimal arousal, focus, motivation, horse demeanor and performance and relationship between horse and jockey.


Aubé, Brunelle, & Rousseau (2014)

Cross-sectional study

Aim: To test the relationships between flow experience, team goal commitment and team performance.

9-item Flow Scale,

Information exchange (2 items), Team goal commitment (3 items), Team performance

potential control variable

85 teams (395 members) of undergraduate and graduate students from a Canadian business school participating in a project management

simulation as part of their course work. Team size varied from 4 to 6 members. 49% women, 51% men; Mage = 28.7 years, SD = 6.5

Flow experience is positively related to team performance (r = .40, p < .01). This relationship is mediated by team goal commitment (3 models analysis, p.125) and moderated by the level of information exchange between team members (ΔR2' = .044, p < .01, Table 3, p. 126).