Aim: To explore the conditions
(b) inhibit and
(c) disrupt the occurrence of flow in flat horse racing
4 distinct sections:
(a) background and career history
(c) flow inhibition and
(d) flow disruption
10 Irish professional male Flat jockeys
Mage = 27.4 years, SD = 7.14; M career length = 9.16 years, SD = 5.9; M number of race wins = 31.94, SD = 15.99 (2012 season)
12 conditions found to capture the essence of the flow experience: environmental and situational conditions, experience interaction with trainer/owner, physical readiness, effective preparation, performance assessment confidence, optimal arousal, focus, motivation, horse demeanor and performance and relationship between horse and jockey.
Aim: To test the relationships between flow experience, team goal commitment and team performance.
9-item Flow Scale,
Information exchange (2 items), Team goal commitment (3 items), Team performance
potential control variable
85 teams (395 members) of undergraduate and graduate students from a Canadian business school participating in a project management
simulation as part of their course work. Team size varied from 4 to 6 members. 49% women, 51% men; Mage = 28.7 years, SD = 6.5
Flow experience is positively related to team performance (r = .40, p < .01). This relationship is mediated by team goal commitment (3 models analysis, p.125) and moderated by the level of information exchange between team members (ΔR2' = .044, p < .01, Table 3, p. 126).