Theoretical Premise

Main Components

Personality traits

An individual’s traits impact thought, character and behavior which determine leadership outcomes.

A leader may exhibit four traits: neuroticism; extraversion; agreeableness; openness to new experiences.

Leadership style

A leader’s style that is, participative, deliberative, or “do it yourself” defines leadership behavior.

The choice of rhetoric and language can influence leadership goal attainment.

A leader uses style: for political assertion; to manage conflicts; define roles; avoid undesirable situations.



A leader’s motive influences the quality of leadership. A good motive yields genuine behavior and vice versa.

A leader might be driven by 3 motivational needs: need for achievement; need for affiliation; and need for power.

Stress tolerance

Effectively handling stress is essential for leadership success.

Types of leaders in stress/crisis management include: leaders who cope or enjoy stressors; leaders who depend on stressors; leaders who are incapacitated by stressors.