Cancer location

Type of cancer

Occupational risk exposure *

Other exposures to value not included in the Royal Decree


Mesothelioma of the peritoneum

Asbestos main risk factor in 54% - 90% of patients

Angiosarcoma of the liver

Arsenic and its compounds; Vinyl chloride monomer

Steroids, hemochromatosis, diethylstilbestrol, phenelzine, urethane, cyclophosphamide, oral contraceptives. Contribute to explain the appearance of no more than 20% of the cases published. In the rest the etiology is still unknown.


Malignant neoplasm of bronchus and Lung

Asbestos; Arsenic and its compounds; Beryllium; Bis-(chloromethyl) ether; Cadmium; Vinyl chloride monomer; Chromium VI and chromium VI compounds, Nickel and nickel compounds; Radon; Free Silica Dust

Tobacco use, second-hand smoke-passive smoker and characteristics such as sex, age, and non-metropolitan or metropolitan residence

Pleural mesothelioma




Occupational risks not confirmed

Age, race, and family history


Lympho and myeloproliferative syndrome

Benzene; Ionizing radiation

Genetic factors.



Genetic factors.

Bladder and Kidney

Malignant neoplasm of bladder

Aromatic amines; and Amines (primary, secondary, tertiary, heterocyclic) and aromatic hydrazines and their halogen, phenolic, nitrosated, nitrated and sulfonated derivatives

Tobacco use, exposure to certain environmental and occupational chemicals, and genetic factors.

Otorrino- Laringological

Laryngeal cancer


Smoking and alcohol, coffee and diesel exhaust

Malignant neoplasm of nasal cavity

Chromium VI and chromium VI compound; Nickel and nickel compounds; Hardwood dust

Consumo de tabaco y exposición a plaguicidas y herbicidas.

Primitive cancer of the ethmoid and sinuses of the face

Nickel and nickel compounds; Hydrocyanic acid, cyanides, cyanogen compounds and acrylonitriles

Exposure to wood dust


squamous cell carcinoma of the skin

Arsenic and its compounds; Ionizing radiation

Sun exposure

Exposure to metal welding

Lenticular disc dyskeratosis (Bowen’s disease)

Arsenic and its compounds

Sun exposure

Premalignant skin lesions

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), coal distillation products: soot, tar, bitumen, pitch, anthracene, mineral oils, crude paraffin and the compounds, products, residues of these substances and other carcinogenic factors. Coal distillation

Sun exposure