Type of study



Cancer in women: work-related risk factors

(n = 44)

Epidemiological, occupational intervention, notification and registration studies

Relate occupational risk factors and cancer in women: ovary, uterus, cervix and breast cancer.

It is complex to establish relationships between occupational exposures in specific job sectors and cancer in women. Exposure to chemical and physical agents at work appears to be related to gynecological cancer: pesticides, xenobiotics, hydrocarbons, solvents, radiation or alterations of the circadian rhythm form the most studied group of exposures.

Cancer in Women: Risk Factors Outside Work

(n = 6)

Epidemiological studies

Relate occupational and non-occupational risk factors and cancer in women: ovary, uterus, cervix and breast cancer.

In cancer, genetic factors are relevant, but occupational exposure must be part of the investigation to establish the cause-effect relationship.

In epidemiological studies focused on specific professional groups, a higher incidence or risk of death was observed than the incidence should be related to occupational exposure. However, due to the inconsistency of the results and methodological deficiencies, even today it has not been possible to reach definitive conclusions

Women Work-related cancer in Spain

(n = 23)

Legislative regulation in Spain. Epidemiological studies of prevalence and mortality, notification and registration.

Assess the situation of women’s cancer in Spain, its legislative regulation and studies carried out.

Occupational cancer is the lowest reported Occupational Disease in Spain and in neighboring countries, and requires a multidisciplinary and collaborative approach to be able to approximate real figures.

To study occupational cancer in women, a gender perspective is required to prevent it.

And facilitate the safe return to work after the illness is over.