Foundational Leadership-Integrity

Fairness in decision-making is not based on biases, personal favors, gifts, and/or unsupported opinions (Fuller, 2021) .

Foundational Leadership-Assurance

Leadership decisions reassure employees by promoting job security and reducing anxiety/stress (Fuller, 2021) .

Foundational Leadership Pragmatism

Easy to understand and practical decisions that help employees meet/exceed organizational goals (Fuller, 2021) .

Work Engagement

The level of an employee’s motivation and positive connection to their work (Schaufeli et al., 2006; Bakker et al., 2013; Schaufeli, 2014)