Concept definition


Gaining an understanding of life histories and making efforts to use these in current lifestyles

Actively obtaining information from family members and others to learn the life history of a person, such as their lifestyle at home, their position, and their growing environment, including memories of childhood, and using this information to form an image of the person’s past situation in an effort to utilize this image in the person’s current lifestyle.

It is best if the person can continue living their preferred life that they have led at home. I make sure they can continue this life somehow while picturing what lifestyle they had, what work they did before, their position, whether they were a mother and whether they were in the position of a mother. (1)

Pursuing interests and concerns and actively encouraging these

Gaining an understanding of the things that a person likes or values, such as watching their expressions or the target of their gaze, and actively encouraging the pursuit of these things.

To understand what interests a person has and what they value, I interact with the person to obtain lots of information; […] some people cannot speak very well, but interacting with them allows me to properly understand what pleases them, if they smile, what stories calm them down, and what they like. (12)

Encouraging the ability for self-determination

Providing support that does not ignore a person’s feelings so that the person can make choices and act in order to avoid falling into a situation where they are forced to do something.

I allow them to choose. For example, I ask if they want their tea to be hot or cold. Some people prefer cocoa. Others do not drink tea immediately after eating, are first to clean up, or clean up after watching the morning serial drama on television. I allow them to make their own decisions as much as possible without settling on one thing. (10)

Discovering capabilities and continuing these

Imparting confidence by continuing to discover capabilities with a long-term view.

When a person has confidence, they discover what they are capable of. Instead of asking a person to do something they cannot do and saying, “Oh, so you cannot do that after all?”, you should properly assess that person. […] I want to properly elicit the things that people are good at. (4)