Risk factors may include
Immature immune response, fragile skin, invasive procedures
Possibly Evidenced by
presence of signs/symptoms establishes an actual diagnosis such as clinical blood tests or observing redness, swallowing, sensitivity over the area of invasive ways
RISK FOR INFECTION
The neonate will
Be free of (systemic or local) signs of infection, for example temperature instability, lethargy, respiratory distress, purulent drainage/secretions
Verbalize measures to decrease infection in her newborn by end of shift
Determine gestational age of fetus, using Dubowitz criteria.
[Delivery prior to 28 - 30 weeks’ gestation increases infant’s susceptibility to infection, because of reduced ability of WBCs to destroy bacteria, reduced transferof IgG (IgG is transported across the placentaprimarily in the third trimester)
Institute aseptic precautions, especially handwashing, around infant.
Teach parents about infectious process, including routes, pathogens, environment andhost factors. Include specificaspects of prevention:
•Wash hands often, especially beforehandling infant or after changing her diaper
•Do not allow sick friends or family tointeract with infant
Perform care of umbilical cord.
Provide breast milk for feeding, if available since breast milk contains IgA, macrophages, lymphocytes, and neutrophils, which provide some protectionfrom infectio
Baby T’s situation had a crucial risk concerning infection due to being 27 weeks’gestation age but remained free from infection.