Place

Cite

Sample

Scale

Depression

Anxiety

India

Mathai et al., 1981 [17]

70 and 70 HC

ICD-9

15.71%

7.14%

Nigeria

Aghanwa & Erhabor, 1998 [23]

53

ICD-10/GHQ-30

30.2%

Turkey

Aydin & Ulu┼čahin, 2001 [26]

119

CIDI, ICD-10, DSM-IV and GHQ-12

21%

20.3%

Peru

Vega et al., 2004 [24]

75

DSM-IV

52.2%

8.7%

Pakistan

Husain et al., 2008 [8]

108

HAD

46.3%

47.2%

Nigeria

Issa et al., 2009 [27]

65

PHQ-9

27.7%

England

Kruijshaar et al., 2010 [20]

61

SF-36/EQ-5D

48%

22%

Pakistan

Aamir & Aisha, 2010 [28]

65

HAD

72.2%

72.2%

Pakistan

Sulehri et al., 2010 [29]

60

BDI-II

80%

Nigeria

Ige & Lasebikan, 2011 [30]

88

HAD

45.5%

Romania

Adina et al., 2011 [31]

60

BDI/STAI

78%

42%

South Africa

Peltzer et al., 2013 [32]

4900

Kessler-10

81.1%

32.9%

Peru

Ugarte-Gil et al., 2013 [33]

325

CES-D

37%

Zambia

Van den Heuvel et al., 2013 [14]

231

DSM-IV/ICD-10

9.3%

27.9%

Pakistan

Rubeen et al., 2014 [21]

70 and 70 HC

HAD

37.1%

37.1%

Malaysia

Atif et al., 2014 [34]

336

SF-36

67.1%

The Philippines

Masumoto et al., 2014 [35]

561

PHQ-9

16.8%

Turkey

Kibrisli et al., 2015 [36]

94 and 99 HC

LSAS

68.4%

India

Singh et al., 2015 [19]

100 and 100 HC

ICD-10/TMAS/BDI

44%

38%

Ethiopia

Duko et al., 2015 [37]

424

HAD

43.4%

41.5%

Iran

Emami et al., 2015 [38]

146

SCL-90

52.7%

41.1%

Taiwan

Yen et al., 2015 [15]

4629

ICD-9-CM

1.71%