The simulation parameters  Various techniques 

Name of the parameter  Quantity  
 Total number of nodes in field  250 
 Initial energy of each node E_{in} in Joules  200 
 Packet size k in bytes  100 
 Energy cost at transmission and reception of a bit of data E_{elec} nJ/cycle  50 
 Amplifier coefficient E_{amp} in pico Joule per bit  100 
 Base station position in meters  (150,150) 
 Topology area of the network in meters  300 × 300 