Classical Administration (Bureaucratic Model)

New Public Management Model

Governance Model (NPG)

Neo-Weberian Model

State Type

Liberal. Although after the Second World War it evolved into the welfare state

Neoliberal model

Plural and Coordinating State

Neo-Weberian State

Organizational structure

Hierarchization, centralization and control

Decentralization and management autonomy of organizations

Network management

Combination of centralized structure with levels of autonomy

Human resource management

Based on Administrative Law

Individual employment contract, similar to the Labor Code. Recruitment and selection of organizational responsibility, depending on budget

Negotiated management

Continuation of individual employment contract, but centralized recruitment

Contracts for life

Appointment of officers

Political trust

Based on merit

Choice based on leadership skills

Hybrid, based on merit and political choice

Management responsibility

For compliance with rules and procedures

Getting results

Sharing with other actors

Shared: political and professional