82 Japanese LPs, which were selected by Jenjarrussakul and Matsuura [5] among 207 Japanese LPs registered at in Feb. 2014. For details, see Appendix B.1.

Security investment and damage amount of security incident

Retrieved from Information Processing Census (2012), the statistical data by METI (Ministry of Economics, Technology and Industries) of Japan [51] .

Exchange network

Retrieved at in Dec. 2014.

Security requirement

Retrieved by Jenjarrussakul and Matsuura [5] in Apr. 2014; they investigated security requirements in each process of registration, login authentication and back-up authentication. For more details, see Appendix B.3.3.

Capital size

Retrieved from every LP operator’s web page in Feb. 2015. Each capital size is shown in Appendix B.1.