Strategies  Struggling or Typical Students  N  Mean  Std. Deviation  Levene’s Test for Equality of Variances  
F  Sig.  
Cognitive Reading 3  Struggling Students Typical Students  28  3.3214  1.36228  5.172  .024 
205  3.6878  1.06647 

 
Cognitive Reading 4  Struggling Students Typical Students  28  3.4286  1.52579  6.551  .011 
205  3.3951  1.21065 

 
Cognitive Reading 6  Struggling Students  28  3.5357  1.42678  16.66  .000 
Typical Students  205  4.1707  .95749 

 
Cognitive Reading 17  Struggling Students  28  3.0000  1.44016  6.772  .010 
Typical Students  205  3.4293  1.14666 

 
Metacognitive Reading 2  Struggling Students  28  3.5357  1.26146  4.845  .029 
Typical Students  205  3.9024  1.05265 

 
Metacognitive Reading 3  Struggling Students  28  3.5357  1.52709  5.466  .020 
Typical Students  205  3.5659  1.19304 

 
Affective Reading 7  Struggling Students  28  2.2500  1.07583  5.323  .022 
Typical Students  205  2.5512  1.32974 

 
Social Reading 1  Struggling Students  28  2.7857  1.31535  4.368  .038 
Typical Students  205  3.4488  1.07720 

 
Memory Writing 3  Struggling Students  28  2.1071  .99403  5.729  .017 
Typical Students  205  2.2976  1.28500 

 
Cognitive Writing 1  Struggling Students  28  2.7857  1.52406  7.232  .008 
Typical Students  205  2.8195  1.23336 

 
Cognitive Writing 6  Struggling Students  28  1.9286  .94000  8.214  .005 
Typical Students  205  2.2878  1.22078 

 
Metacognitive Writing 6  Struggling Students  28  2.7500  1.43049  5.002  .026 
Typical Students  205  2.9561  1.17282 

 
Metacognitive Writing 7  Struggling Students  28  3.2143  1.57191  5.699  .018 
Typical Students  205  3.3951  1.25830 

 
p ≤ 0.05 





