Epistemological origin

Conceptual formulation

Grief and Bereavement

Psychoanalytic tradition

Sees migration as experience of and adaptation to loss

Locus of Control

Applied social psychology

Control (Internal/External) predict migration adaptation

Selective migration


Individual fitness and motivation predicts adaptation


Applied social psychology

Expectancy-values relate to reasons for migration and adjustment

Negative life-events

Clinical psychology

Migration involves many stressful life changes,

Social support

Clinical psychology

Social and emotional support offers a buffering effect

Value difference

Social psychology

Implicit and explicit alue differences lead to poor adaptation

Social skills and culture learning

Social psychology

Lacking social skills may cause constant communication problems