Parameter MATLAB model Modified model ${V}_{0}\left(\text{V}\right)$ 3.36757 3.36964 For Equations (23)-(27) ${R}_{0}\left(\Omega \right)$ 0.00016 0.00016 ${K}_{0}\left(\text{V}\right)$ 0.03157 0.03546 ${A}_{0}\left(\text{V}\right)$ 0.08 0.08165 $B{\left(\text{A}\cdot \text{h}\right)}^{-1}$ 0.07712 0.1003 $m$ 1.0269 ${T}_{\text{ref}}\left(˚\text{C}\right)$ 25 (assumed) ${k}_{\text{Vn1}}$ $\text{9}.\text{71249}×{10}^{-6}$ ${k}_{\text{Rn1}}$ $7.51635×{10}^{-4}$ ${k}_{\text{Kn1}}$ $\text{-8}\text{.59363}×{10}^{-5}$ ${k}_{\text{An1}}$ $-2.92489×{10}^{-4}$ ${k}_{\text{VT1}}$ $1.05135×{10}^{-3}$ ${k}_{\text{RT1}}$ $1.83721×{10}^{-2}$ ${k}_{\text{KT1}}$ $-7.72438×{10}^{-3}$ ${k}_{\text{AT1}}$ $-4.31833×{10}^{-2}$ ${n}_{0}$ 1000 (assumed) For Equation (39) ${t}_{\text{r}}\left(n\right)$ 0 (assumed) For Equation (32) $\alpha$ −0.01212 ${Q}_{0}\left(\text{A}\cdot \text{h}\right)$ 1090 1090 ${i}_{0}\left(\text{A}\right)$ 100 ${k}_{\text{sd}}\left(1/\text{h}\right)$ $8×{10}^{-5}$ [9] ${k}_{\text{Qn1}}$ $-1.27571×{10}^{-7}$ ${k}_{\text{Qn2}}$ $1.22095×{10}^{-11}$ ${k}_{\text{QT1}}$ $1.32729×{10}^{-3}$ ${k}_{\text{QT2}}$ $-7.9763×{10}^{-6}$