Researcher & duration

Summary of finding


Adenle, Manning, & Arbiol, (2017) [20]

Meeting global climate change mitigation goals requires the participation of developing countries in abatement programs to encourage low-carbon development pathways.

World Development

Ciplet & Roberts, (2017) [3]

International neoliberal environmentalism as characterized by four main processes viz. the prominence of libertarian ideals of justice, marketization; governance and mini-lateralism.

Global Environmental Change

Keys et al., (2017) [21]

Moisture recycling governance is a key practice for low carbon economy

Global Environmental Change

Halkos & Tzeremes, (2013) [22]

Six governance measures identified for low carbon practices like accountability, stability in politics and no violence, effective government, quality regulatory process, rule of law and corruption control.

Energy Economics

Chen et al., (2017) [23]

China has a target to reduce 65 percent carbon intensity by 2030 through modern energy technology development and inducing innovation.

Resources, Conservation and Recycling

Zhang, Li, & Zhou, (2017) [24]

The energy consumption and carbon emissions of the urban building sector have been growing so rapidly in recent decades that developing low-carbon buildings has become a common trend in the world.

Journal of Cleaner Production

Liu et al., (2017) [25]

Experiences from a bottom-up mechanism. Target Responsibility System (TRS) is still the key working mechanism and makes a contribution to the reduction of CO2 per unit GDP.

Journal of Cleaner Production

Lo, (2015) [26]

and Lo (2014) [27]

Low-carbon policies cannot be properly implemented due to the poorly designed scoring system, weak targets, energy intensity, and the lack of reliable local energy statistics.

Environmental Science & Policy

Han et al., (2018) [28]

The local and neighboring cities in China emit more carbon due to specialization and diversification industry.

Journal of Cleaner Production

Yang et al (2018) [29]

The intensive energy consumption in urban sectors is aggravating global warming

Journal of Cleaner Production

Fu & Zhang, (2017) [30]

The eco new towns are more concerned with the promotion of a sustainable way of life, with its planning focus evenly distributed among all aspects.

Habitat International

Wang, Engels, &Wang, (2017) [32]

Strong structural changes in existing development pattern are essential for low carbon development in short and long-term.

Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews

Guo et al., (2017) [33]

Carbon neutral coefficient (CNC) can describe the positive impacts and limitations of ecological environment policies. Subsequently, the approach of carbon balance analysis can help for monitoring policy effectiveness for sustainable carbon economy.

Resources, Conservation and Recycling

X. Ma, Wang, & Wang, (2017) [34]

If China’s carbon emissions from the thermal power industry increase according to the present rate, China will have difficulty in realizing its carbon reduction target by 2020.

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

Cheshmehzangi, Xie, & Tan-mullins, (2017) [35]

The engagement between Chinese and international partners differ in three forms and they are 1) the type of involvement; 2) the level and timeframe of involvement; 3) the level of Influence in the project’s multiple stages.


Li et al., (2017) [36]

Three main challenges are focused on low carbon economy viz. institutional inclusiveness, global relations, and long-term innovation.

Science of the Total Environment

B. Yang, (2017) [13]

Carbon finance should be developed through modern tools, institutional arrangements, and strong market actors.

Low Carbon Economy

Krüger, (2017) [37]

Efficiency enhancement and development of technological innovations are necessary for low carbon economy.

Energy Policy

Kedia, (2016) [38]

China has already moved on low carbon development with fairly strongest domestic policies and international engagement

Advances in Climate Change Research

He, (2016) [39]

China has already explored green and low-carbon development strategy and established intended nationally determined contribution (INDC) targets and action plans, consumption, efficient energy production and transformation of traditional economic development pattern.

Advances in Climate Change Research

Lv & Qin, (2016) [40]

Low-carbon technology mainly includes carbon reduction technology, carbon-free technology, carbon removal technology, carbon management technology, resource saving and recycling technology.

Low Carbon Economy

Yuan, (2016) [41]

Carbon finance not only provides a variety of means of support to the development of low carbon economy but also offers a new development space for the innovation of the financial system.

Low Carbon Economy