Type of lake



Artificial lake

They may be constructed for various purposes, such as hydroelectric power generation, recreation, industrial use, agricultural use, or domestic water supply.

Lake Mead and Lake Powell, USA

Crater lake

A lake that is formed in a volcanic crater after the volcano has been inactive for some time. Lake water may be fresh or highly acidic and may contain various dissolved minerals.

Mount Aso crater lake, Japan

Taal Volcano, Phillippines

Endorheic lake

A lake that has no significant outflow, either through rivers or underground diffusion.

Lake Eyre, central Australia,

Aral Sea in central Asia

Fjord lake

A lake in a glacially eroded valley that has been eroded below sea level.

Geirangerfjord, Norway

Tracy Arm fjord, Alaska

Former lake

Prehistoric lakes and those that have permanently dried up through evaporation or human intervention.

Owens Lake in California, USA

Underground lake

A lake that is formed beneath the surface of the Earth’s crust. Such a lake may be associated with caves, aquifers, or springs.

Reed Flute cave, China

Lake Vostok, Antarctica

Seasonal lake

A lake that exists as a body of water during only part of the year.

Badhkal lake and Sambhar lake, Rajasthan, India

Oxbow lake

Characterized by a distinctive curved shape, it is formed when a wide meander from a stream or a river is cut off.

Gambi lake on River Tana, Kenya

Lava lake

This term refers to a pool of molten lava in a volcanic crater or other depression. The term lava lake may also be used after the lava has partly or completely solidified.

Erta Ale, Ethiopia

Nyiragongo, Democratic Republic of the Congo