(Weiner et al., 2003)

United States

To assess patient and provider satisfaction with unscheduled VC for persons living in a Nursing home.

RCT-this article presents early findings from intervention group.

Modem Web Based VC

N = 187 patients living in a nursing home.

Patient characteristics, reason for VC, satisfaction.

Long-term care

Medical decision-making was easier via VC verses phone consultation. No patient reported that VC communication was different than usual care.

(Wong, Martin?Khan, Rowland, Varghese, & Gray, 2011)


To validate the RUDAS dementia screening via video conferencing.


Video conferencing with simulated

Limited bandwidth connection using

a CODEC devices.

N = 42

Mean age was 74.8 years with a mean MMSE of 24.7, 8 tested positive for dementia.

Age, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), RUDAS.


There is no statistically significant difference in mean RUDAS scores for in-person or Video Conference administered assessments at both the total score, and individual domain levels. Hence the RUDAS can be reliability administered and scored via Video conference.

(Woodend et al., 2008)


To evaluate the effect on healthcare resource use, morbidity, and quality of life, of a 3 month intervention that included video conferencing enhanced telemonitoring for patients with heart failure (HF) or angina.


3 months of weekly video conferencing with a nurse in addition to daily telephone transmission of weight, blood pressure and periodic electrocardiograms (EKG) and a 1-year end-of study assessment.

N = 249 (121 HF/28 angina) with 70% male participants; mean age of 66 ± 12 yrs.

Primary outcome: hospital readmissions and days in hospital. Secondary outcomes: morbidity assessed by weight, blood pressure, ECG; quality of life (SF36), functional status (The Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire and the Seattle Angina Questionnaire).

Angina or HF

VC in combination with other home monitoring was easy to use and had high satisfaction; outcomes for patient recall data documented reduced number of hospital readmissions & days in hospital for patients with angina, and improved quality of life and FS for both groups: HF and angina. No significant differences in physician visits beween VC and usual care groups. The type of monitor is not reported nor the % of time that VC transmission problems resulted in telephone interviews only.