(Khatri, Marziali, Tchernikov, & Shepherd, 2014)


To compare the provision and outcomes of group cognitive behavioral therapy when delivered using VC as compared to in-person delivery.

Non-randomized Pre/post mixed methods quasi experimental

(Allowed participants to choose VC or In-person).

Web based VC

N = 18 adults (8 = VC, 10 = In-person) with diagnosis of mood, anxiety disorder, and/or adjustment disorder with access to a computer, webcam, and internet.

Beck Depression Inventory Second Edition and Qualitative theme analysis

Mental Health

BDI-II scores and qualitative analysis of the themes were similar across the two delivery formats. VC is comparable to in-person group based cognitive therapy.

(Kitamura, Zurawel-Balaura, & Wong, 2010)


Use systematic review of the literature to evaluate the feasibility of assessing, monitoring, and managing oncology patients via video conferencing.

Systematic review

Specific VC type for each article Not discussed.

N = 19 published articles of 15 clinical oncology patient groups: one small RCT; 7 non-randomized with control groups, and 7 case studies. Total 709 VC study patients and 346 control patients.

Reported outcomes included patient satisfaction (no validated scales) and preference for VC consultation, costs, provider satisfaction and convenience.

accessibility of care and clinical outcomes limited.


VC is feasible, effective for assessing, monitoring, and managing oncology patients, and clinical outcomes were not compromised; time and cost were comparable or reduced. Limited power of inference with small samples and methodological weaknesses.

(Lewis, 2003)

United States

To evaluate a web monitoring system intended to improve walking ability post-stroke.


Web based VC system with integrated performance indicators.

N = 2

Post-satisfaction questionnaire.


One participant evaluated the system favorable and one participant wanted an in person therapist.

(Lipman, Kenny, & Marziali, 2011)


To evaluate the feasibility of providing web-based support and education for single mothers.

Pre/post mixed methods descriptive

quasi experimental.

Web Based VC

N= 15 single mothers with health disparity having children ages 3 - 9.

Qualitative interviews, demographic, medications, CES-D, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Social Provisions Scale, and Parenting Stress Index-Short Form.

Mental Health

Positive perceptions of the VC intervention via qualitative evaluation and improvement of all quantitative outcome measures.

(Man, Soong, Tam, & Hui-Chan, 2005)

Hong Kong, China

Comparing the effectiveness of online VC with interactive software, interactive software alone, in-person and control for problem-solving skill training groups for persons with Brain Injury.

Comparative effectiveness Pre/post quasi experimental

Web Based VC

N = 109 person with Acquired Brain Injury in Hong Kong.

Problem-solving skills, Activities of Daily living.

Neurology/ Brain Injury

VC with therapist- administered group was effective in improving problem solving skills in persons with ABI.