(Authors, Year)




Type of Video Conferencing (VC)

Sample Size/


Data Collection



(Amarendran, George, Gersappe, Krishnaswamy, & Warren, 2011)

United States

To assess the differences between using VC verses In-person assessment of movement using the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale.

Quasi- experimental Correlational/


Dedicated equipment with an ISDN connection.

N = 50 (male = 47) patients in the VA system with a history of antipsychotic medications for at least 10 years.

Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS).

Mental Health

There are no significant differences between VC and In-person assessment of involuntary movement using the AIMS assessment tool.

(Azad, Amos, Milne, & Power, 2012)


To evaluate VC use in a follow up clinic for patients with memory disorder living in rural areas.

Descriptive feasibility

Web based VC is assumed because of reference to “Video Link” in the article.

N = 50 patients with mild to moderate memory disorder without functional changes.

Surveys developed by the study team.

Mental Health

Positive patient perceptions of VC. Measurements included: being understood by providers, having enough time, getting questions answered, and being the same as an in-person visit.

(Azar et al., 2015)

United States

To evaluate the use group VC to deliver a lifestyle intervention to virtual small groups and to compare the change in body weight and BMI from baseline to 3 months.


Web based group visits and weekly Bluetooth scale measurements.

64 total (Men ages 21 - 60 BMI between 30 - 40, no type 1 diabetes or serious medical condition or taking weight loss medication or participating in medically supervised weigh loss program)

32 Intervention

32 control.

Demographics via questionnaire

Height, Weight, BP via automated cuff.

Intervention: Weight via Bluetooth scale weekly, attendance at video visit, self-monitoring of body weight.


Participants in the intervention group lost significantly

more weight, 3.5% (95% CI 2.1%, 4.8%), than those randomized to the control group. Participants attended 9 of 12 sessions on average and weighed themselves at least once per week over the course of the intervention.

(Chua, Craig, Wootton, & Patterson, 2001)

United Kingdom

To compare VC to In person new patient neurology referrals


Video conferencing via phone lines/SDN.

N = 168 (VC = 86, In-person = 82) newly referred by PCP to non-urgent Neurologist visits in two hospital centers in the UK.

Number of assessment, number of medications prescribed, and review of history, patient satisfaction, and diagnostic categories.


VC was less efficient and not as well received by patients than In-person care.