 angle of attack [˚] 
 dynamic pressure [Pa] 
 reference area of the wing [m^{2}] 
 mass density of the fluid [kg・m^{−3}] 
 drag coefficient [] 
 Reynolds number [] 
 lift coefficient [] 
 free stream velocity [m・s^{−1}] 
 drag force [N] 
 kinematic viscosity [m²・s^{−1}] 
 turbulence intensity [%] 
 coordinate in flow direction [m] 
 lift force [N] 
 dimensionless wall distance [] 
 vortex detection criterion [s^{−}^{1}] 


 length scale for SpalartAlmaras [m]  CAD  computer aided design 
 reference length of the model [m]  CFD  computational fluid dynamics 
 Mach number []  LIC  line integral convolution 
 pressure [Pa]  PVC  polyvinyl chloride 