Types of models


Bureaucratic model

It supposes the internal and external stability, where the members of the organization assume a behavior following a linear and mechanistic logic. In this model, changes are more in form than in the content.

Evolutionist model

Raised to allow the organization’s development through an evolutionary logic, so that the strongest characteristics survive.

Cognitive mode.

Based on the idea that the organization can learn and self-organize. Its disadvantages are that it does not solve internal contradictions limiting organizational growth, besides this model ignores the environment.

Educational model

Oriented by the construction of an organizational culture. It allows defining patterns of interpretive reality and normally does not accept external participation.

Political model

Based on processes, rules and other means of organization control, considering the dynamics that mobilize the different interests, conflicts and alliances in the organization

Psychoanalytic model

It focuses on behavior and control, emphasizing psychoanalysis in the space of individuals and groups favoring the breakdown of conscious and unconscious patterns that hinder the organization’s advancement.

Dialectical model

It considers organizations as self-reproducing systems because of opposite flows of positive and negative feedback, generated from the dialectical logic where each phenomenon generates its opposite.

Hegemonic model

Its essence is based on power, where certain people impose their will on others. This situation results in groups of exploitative employers and exploited employees.

Relational model

It considers the organization as a multidimensional space with networks of formal and informal relationships articulated by dynamic processes. In this sense, organizations are not independent and relationships inside and outside of it can generate conflicts and disagreements where the best mechanism par excellence to face them is negotiation.

Strategic model

It conceives the organization as an entity created and financed by society for its development, integrated by networks of internal and external relations. It also, considers and makes changes in its environment.