Inclusion criteria

Exclusion criteria

ú Male farmer residing in area of high concentration of MeN cases for at least 20 years.

ú 30+ years regular work in agriculture in similar conditions as farmers who have suffered MeN.

ú Absence of MeN diagnosis or MeN-controlled/in remission living in the community.

ú Willingness to participate in research.

ú Able to provide informed consent.

ú Male farmer residing in area of low concentration of MeN cases.

ú Farmer involved in agriculture only on an occasional basis, with limited exposure to MeN-related risks.

ú Hospital-based, MeN-affected farmer or farmer not being medically monitored.

ú Declines participation in research.

ú Unable to provide informed consent.