Heiney et al. (2015) (same participants used)

Paradigmatic position:

Post positivist


Randomised control trial

Aim: consider if depression and fatigue decrease more in the story intervention group compared to a control group

Eligibility Criteria: 1) 21 years old or older, African-American, English Speaking, Diagnosed with invasive ductal carcinoma within the previous 6 months.



Intervention group 55.4 (11.0) years

Control group

56.7 (11.0) years

Cancer type:

Sampling Technique:




Treatment details: intervention developed by teleconference

Country: USA

Length: 8 weeks then every 2 weeks for 3 years

Content: Randomisation into story intervention group or psychosocial care (active control group). Control group received normal care and could request any care within standard treatment.

Assessor/Researcher/HCPs involved: two social workers facilitated the session, in 15 sets of 10 participants.

Cost: Stipends given to participants $3 - $10 dollars

Development rationale: participation in a group brings on benefits for individuals where sharing is possible with others who are similar.

Outcome measure assessment:

POMS-Short form (PMS-SF) (McNair et al., 1992)


Outcome measure development/Pilot work:

Duration of interview: N/A

Analysis: Wilcoxon signed rank test due to skewed data