Evans et al. (2008)

Paradigmatic position:

Not clear likely interpretivist


Not identified

Aim: identify the meaning of the group

Eligibility Criteria: 1) Any type of cancer was included with any time since diagnosis, point of treatment, ethnicity or gender 2) individuals were under the care of an physician and spoke English 3) willing to share information with a group


10 completed (9 female and 1 male) pre test (7 completed post test)

Cancer type: any type

Sampling Technique:


Setting: Oncology clinic at medical centre

Treatment details: story telling intervention across 12 sessions

Country: USA

Length: 12 × 1.5 hour sessions

Content: Nurse led story telling intervention

Assessor/Researcher/HCPs involved: Nurse facilitator of sessions. Assessor unclear.

Cost: none to participant

Development rationale: development of intervention included in two phases using 6 outpatients with cancer

Outcome measure assessment: unstructured interview

Methods: unstructured interview

Outcome measure development/Pilot work: One question led process which was what was the experience of the group like for you. The interviewer then showed interest and probed answers

Duration of interview: 30 minutes


Thematic analysis

Song et al. (2012)

Paradigmatic position:



Mixed methods (no type given)

Aim: Consider the cancer survivor identity, what was internalised about the identity and consider what is shared during story telling and association to psychological health

Eligibility Criteria: 1) Diagnosis of cancer during childhood or adolescent and at the time of the study be aged between 18 - 29 2) off cancer treatment for 2 years and cancer free for 5 years 3) individuals with cognitive impairment as a symptom of their cancer were excluded


14 participants between 18 - 29

No age

Cancer type:

No details

Sampling Technique: Purposive from a telephone and mailing list

Setting: Face to face assessment

Treatment details: smart phone provided to participants. Website created for video sharing and social networking on mobile-web application.

Country: USA

Length: 6 Months

Content: Single face to face orientation session.

Across the time period individuals recoded their own video narratives and posted them to the site.

Assessor/Researcher/HCPs involved: A registered nurse and member of research team screened for eligibility.

Cost: None. Free smart phone provided.

Development rationale:

Outcome measure assessment: video narratives and psychosocial outcome measures including: “Who AM I”? Test (Kuhn and McPartland’s, 1954)

Depression using Centre for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D; Radoff, 1977)

Survivorship Self-efficacy (adaptation of Jerusalem and Schwarzer 1992) (no psychometric considerations for adapted test)

Methods: Video recordings of stories and specific assessment of outcome measures

Outcome measure development/Pilot work: Not applicable.

Duration of interview: 61 video clips at an average length of 211 words.

Analysis: Video clips used a-priori analysis looking at references to cancer, stereotypes and social identity and acceptance of saviour identity.