To test the hypothesis that a problem- solving training program would lower depression, health complaints, and burden, and increase well-being for caregivers

Family Caregivers of Persons With

Traumatic Brain Injuries

N = 61

IG = 30

CG = 30

Combination of face to face and telephone


Ÿ 4 home visits (at months 1, 4, 8 and 12) and 8-monthly


Ÿ Baseline

Ÿ 6, 12-month assessment

Caregiver outcome measurement

Ÿ Caregiver depression

Ÿ Caregiver depression

Ÿ Health complaints

Ÿ Well-being

Ÿ Problem-solving

Ÿ Caregivers receiving problem-solving training reported significant decreases in depression, health complaints, and in dysfunctional problem-solving styles over time.




Pilot study

To examine the outcomes and participant- reported benefits of a caregiver education programme (Meeting the Challenges of MS)

Caregivers of multiple sclerosis (MS)

N = 19 (12 finished intervention)


Face to face

Ÿ 5 weekly sessions

Ÿ 2-hour per session

5-week period


Ÿ Preintervention

Ÿ Postintervention

Caregiver outcome measurement

Ÿ Problem-solving

Ÿ Preparation

Ÿ The participants reported more prepared for their caregiving role

Ÿ Caregivers were able to reframe their experiences positively and sought more practical assistance.